HICS Job Action Sheets for Employee Health and Behavioral Health Leaders
Disaster Response and Recovery Information
- SAMHSA behavioral health disaster app—The SAMHSA Disaster App allows disaster behavioral health responders to navigate resources related to pre-deployment preparation, on-the-ground assistance, and post-deployment resources. Users can also share resources from the app via text message or email, and quickly identify local behavioral health services. http://store.samhsa.gov/apps/disaster
- How to cope with sheltering in place – This SAMHSA tip sheet provides strategies for coping with sheltering in place. Explains reactions people often feel when sheltering in place; suggests ways to care for oneself and the family, such as making a plan and staying connected; and provides additional helpful resources. http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA14-4893/SMA14-4893.pdf
- Tips for survivors of a disaster or other traumatic event: Managing stress – This SAMHSA tip sheet gives stress prevention and management tips for dealing with the effects of trauma, mass violence, or terrorism. Lists tips to relieve stress, describes how to know when to seek professional help, and provides accompanying resources. http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA13-4776/SMA13-4776.pdf (Spanish Version) http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA13-4776SPANISH/SMA13-4776SPANISH.pdf
- Be Red Cross ready: Taking care of your emotional health after a disaster—This fact sheet from the American Red Cross explains normal reactions to a disaster, what a survivor can do to cope with these emotions, and where to seek additional help if needed.
- Coping with shelter-in-place emergencies –The American Red Cross discusses how to cope emotionally with this type of emergency by understanding it and identifying and addressing typical reactions. http://www.nasponline.org/resources/crisis_safety/ShelterPlace_final_to%20ARC_3-29-10.pdf
- Manage flood-related distress by building resilience – This tip sheet provides simple and effective ways to strengthen resilience and thereby manage flood-related stress. http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/flood-distress.aspx
- Children and Disasters: Disaster Preparedness to Meet Children’s Needs. This website is AAP’s primary resource site for disaster preparedness to meet children’s needs. https://www.aap.org/en-us/advocacy-and-policy/aap-health-initiatives/Children-and-Disasters/Pages/default.aspx
- Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress Toolkit for Health Care Providers- Tools for Helping Children and Families in Distress. This toolkit was designed to provide health care providers with resources to assist with recognizing traumatic stress in children. http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/acp/hospital/brochures/TMBrochure.pdf
Resources for Teachers, Families, and Caregivers to Help Children and Youth
- Children and youth—SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series (DBHIS) installment—This SAMHSA DTAC DBHIS installment focuses on the reactions and mental health needs of children and youth after a disaster and contains resources from both the child trauma and disaster behavioral health fields. The collection includes an annotated bibliography and a section with helpful links to organizations, agencies, and other resources that address disaster preparedness and response issues surrounding children and youth. http://archive.samhsa.gov/dtac/dbhis/dbhis_children_intro.asp
- Helping children after a natural disaster- This information sheet provides parents and teachers a guide to help children recover from after a natural disaster. http://www.nasponline.org/resources/crisis_safety/naturaldisaster_ho.aspx
- Helping children cope with disaster—The American Red Cross offers suggestions for parents and other caretakers to consider on things they can do and say to help children (of all ages) recover from a disaster. Tips for family disaster preparedness are also included. http://www.redcross.org/images/MEDIA_CustomProductCatalog/m14740413_Helping_children_cope_with_disaster_-_English.pdf
- Parent tips for adolescents—This table lists possible reactions, suggested responses, and examples of things parents can do and say to children affected by a disaster. http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e7_tips_for_parents_with_adolescents.pdf
- Parent tips for infants and toddlers—This table lists possible reactions, how to understand them, and suggestions that can help parents of infants and toddlers cope with their emotions after a disaster. http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e4_tips_for_parents_with_infants_and_toddlers.pdf
- Parent tips for preschoolers—This table lists possible reactions, suggested responses, and examples of things parents can do and say to preschool-age children affected by a disaster. http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e5_tips_for_parents_with_preschool_children.pdf
- Parent tips for school-age children—This table lists possible reactions, suggested responses, and examples of things parents can do and say to school-age children after a disaster.
- Understanding child traumatic stress—The author discusses the cognitive response to danger as it relates to traumatic experiences or traumatic stress throughout all developmental stages, particularly in children. The document includes an overview of posttraumatic stress responses and their severity and duration, as well as posttraumatic stress after chronic or repeated trauma.
Resources Focused on Older Adults
- Psychosocial issues for older adults in disasters—This booklet contains tools for mental health professionals, emergency response workers, and caregivers to use when providing disaster mental health and recovery support to older adults. The authors explore the nature of disasters and older adults’ reactions to them. http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA99-3323/SMA99-3323.pdf
- What you need to know about helping the elderly recover from the emotional aftermath of a disaster—This one-page fact sheet lists common reactions older adults may have after a disaster and warning signs that someone may need extra help, as well as strategies to help older adults with their special needs.
Resources Focused on People with Disabilities
- Emergency preparedness: Addressing the needs of people with disabilities – The consensus document provides recommendations on how first responders, emergency managers in all levels of government, and communities can incorporate the needs of people with disabilities into emergency preparedness and response. The document includes specific recommendations related to disaster communication and children with special health care needs and mental health needs. http://academiccommons.columbia.edu/download/fedora_content/download/ac:155354/CONTENT/EmergencyPreparednessForDisabilities
- Functional needs of people with disabilities: A guide for emergency managers, planners and responders – This guide includes information for emergency planners, managers, and first responders to address the needs of individuals with disabilities, from disaster preparedness and planning to the rescue and recovery phases. It highlights lessons learned from previous major disasters and provides additional tools and resources for functional needs emergency planning. http://www.nod.org/assets/downloads/Guide-Emergency-Planners.html
- Tips for first responders — The authors of this 28-page booklet offer tips disaster and other first responders can use during emergencies and routine encounters to accommodate and communicate with people with disabilities. The booklet is divided into sections that focus on the following populations: older adults, people with service animals, mobility impairments, autism, multiple chemical sensitivities, or cognitive disabilities; and people who are hearing or visually impaired.
Resources Focused on Substance Abuse Concerns
- Substance Use Disorders and Disasters — This SAMHSA DTAC DBHIS installment provides resources on the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders that can be used to help plan for, respond to, and recover from disasters. The installment includes tip sheets, guides, and other downloadable resources that can be used to help people with substance use disorders to recover from disaster events and find treatment. http://archive.samhsa.gov/dtac/dbhis/dbhis_substanceuse_intro.asp
- After a disaster: Self-care tips for dealing with stress– This SAMHSA fact sheet provides information for disaster survivors dealing with stress and helps mitigate the misuse of alcohol and other substances. It includes the signs and symptoms of stress, as well as ways to ease stress. http://disasterdistress.samhsa.gov/media/1570/afterdisasterselfcaretipsfordealingwithstress.pdf
- Disaster events and services for persons with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders – This tip sheet discusses the needs of people with co-occurring mental illness and substance use issues after a disaster. It also covers topics for people who interact and work with these populations need to know. Those addressed include families and other concerned nonprofessionals, health care providers, and human service and other community providers. http://cretscmhd.psych.ucla.edu/nola/Video/MHR/CSAT/outreach/04-COCEDisasterEventsText-SAMHSAapproved.pdf
- Alcohol, Medication, and Drug Use after Disaster– This handout by NCTSN provides information that disaster survivors can use to avoid increased use of alcohol and misuse of prescription medications and other drugs after a disaster. It also provides tips for survivors to avoid relapse post disaster. http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e90_tips_for_substance_use.pdf
Disaster Response Personnel
- Preventing and Managing Stress: Tips for First Responders — This SAMHSA tip sheet helps disaster response workers prevent and manage stress. It includes strategies to help responders prepare for their assignment, use stress-reducing precautions during the assignment, and manage stress in the recovery phase of the assignment. http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA14-4873/SMA14-4873.pdf (Spanish Version) http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA14-4873SPANISH/SMA14-4873SPANISH.pdf
- A guide to managing stress in crisis response professions—This SAMHSA guide provides first responders with information on signs and symptoms of stress and offers simple, practical techniques for minimizing stress responses prior to and during disaster response. http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA05-4113/SMA05-4113.pdf
- Self-care for disaster behavioral health responders—In this SAMHSA DTAC podcast, disaster behavioral health responders can learn about best practices and tools that could enable them and their supervisors to identify and effectively manage stress and secondary traumatic stress. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G957P6w1Xfs&list=PLBXgZMI_zqfRcTt9ndxkbieQ-pQslk-R6
- Understanding compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction: Tips for disaster responders—This SAMHSA DTAC podcast can help disaster behavioral health professionals learn about the positive and negative effects of helping disaster survivors. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aSJ0Lk8MsIQ&list=PLBXgZMI_zqfRcTt9ndxkbieQ-pQslk-R6
- Stress management for emergency responders: What responders can do—This CDC audio podcast is part of a series that examines sources of stress and what individuals, team leaders, and agency management can do to manage the stress. Tips for reducing stress and lessening its negative impacts are also provided by CDC. http://www2c.cdc.gov/podcasts/player.asp?f=10613
- Psychological First Aid: How you can support well-being in disaster victims – This fact sheet by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network explains how disaster response workers can use psychological first aid to help people in distress after a disaster. http://www.cstsonline.org/wp-content/resources/CSTS_psychological_first_aid.pdf
Traumatic Stress and Retraumatization Resources
- Post-disaster retraumatization: Risk and protective factors – This SAMHSA DTAC webcast informs disaster behavioral health professionals about the concepts and signs of retraumatization and associated risk and protective factors, and highlights promising treatment strategies and tips for avoiding retraumatization. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1O7w6pu4BdI&list=PLBXgZMI_zqfRcTt9ndxkbieQ-pQslk-R6
- Traumatic stress and substance use problems—This booklet authored by the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies discusses the research that examines the link between exposure to traumatic events and substance use problems.
The institute’s website offers links to podcasts, handouts, self-care assessments, and online trainings for psychological and spiritual support for community caregivers.
SBIRT is a comprehensive, integrated public health approach to the delivery of early intervention for individuals with a history of alcohol and drug use; and supports the use of timely referrals to substance abuse treatment programs. This BIG Hospital SBIRT Initiative has FREE webinars for healthcare professionals working in hospitals, FQHC, community clinics and programs. Different types of populations and services are discussed depending on your level of interest.